Eggplant (Solanum melongena) is also called brinjal (India, Bangladesh) and aubergine (in Europe). Like the tomato, potato and pepper it belongs to the Solanaceous family. The fruit can be eaten raw, or served as a baked, grilled, fried or boiled vegetable and can be used in stews or as a garnish.

Wild eggplant occurs in India and was first cultivated there. Arab traders took it to Spain, the Spaniards brought it to the Americas, and the Persians to Africa. The eggplants received in various European countries in the 16th and 17th centuries varied greatly in shape and color. The first known eggplants were probably of the class now grown as ornamentals, the fruit white and resembling an egg. By 1806, both the purple and white ornamentals were growing in American gardens. Modern eggplants are oval, round, or elongated and have shiny purplish black, white or green fruit.

Eggplant completes a life cycle, from seed to seed, in one season. It is usually grown for a few months, although it can be cropped for over one year when growing conditions (water, fertilization, etc.) are optimal and plants are not exhausted by diseases or insect pests. The major diseases of eggplant in Asia are early blight, root diseases and wilt. The major insect pest of eggplant in Asia is the fruit and shoot borer (Leucinodes orbonalis). Whether various pest and disease species that attack eggplant will cause economic loss partly depends on the growth stage of the plant. Eggplants can compensate for a lot of injury by producing more leaves, new shoots or bigger sized fruits. Eggplant can be grown in a wide altitude range – from sub-tropical plains to temperate (mountain) climatic conditions.

More information about eggplant can be found in the Eggplant Integrated Pest Management: An Ecological Guide.

For more information about the performance of eggplant cultivars in relation to agro-ecological conditions, cultivation practices, the occurrence of pests and diseases and timing of the production, search the FAO data base at:

Click the list below for more crop specific information

  1. General Information: Origin, distribution etc.

  2. Production /Productivity

  3. Eggplant pests / diseases
  4. Post Harvest: