Mango is a tropical fruit that is indigenous to South and Southeast Asia. It is said that Persian traders brought the fruit to the Middle East, the Portuguese brought it to Africa from where it spread to the Americas. It now has a wide distribution worldwide and is called a "superfruit" because it is used for many purposes, i.e., as food, flavor, fragrance, color and decoration. The fruit, both ripe and unripe, can be eaten raw, used for cooking or processed. Timber from the tree can be used for furniture, flooring, boats, etc.

Mango is propagated either from seed or grafting. Grafted trees can produce fruit in 3-5 years while it takes at least five years for seedling trees to bear fruits. Trees can bear fruits for more than 40 years. They can be grown on different soil types but production and fruit quality is obtained from well drained, rich soils. Dry and sunny weather during flowering is important for fruit production.

Different diseases affect mangoes including anthracnose, sooty mold (leaves and fruits), powdery mildew, tip burn (leaves; associated with potassium deficiency, water stress). Major mango insect pests include leafhoppers, thrips, flower caterpillars, fruit flies, scales/mealy bugs, etc. Long-term and efficient IPM strategies in mangoes aim to reduce the disease source and pest populations. Risk of disease infection and pest reproduction can be reduced by using cultural practices (e.g., pruning and sanitation), mechanical control (e.g., bagging) and soft chemical products. In Vietnam and Thailand, weaver ants have proven effective as biological control for most of the insect pests especially when used in combination with oils, soaps and biopesticides like Bt and Beauveria.

More information about Mango can be found in: and

For more information about the performance of mango cultivars in relation to agro-ecological conditions, cultivation practices, the occurrence of pests and diseases and timing of the production, search the FAO data base at:

Click the list below for more crop specific information

  1. General Information: Origin, distribution etc.

  2. Production / Productivity
  3. Mango pests / diseases
  4. Post Harvest: