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Cabbage

The Latin name for cabbage is Brassica oleracea var. capitata, member of the family Crucifers. The development of different kinds of vegetables in the Brassica oleracea species was the result of selection by the people growing the crop over time. It is reported that the “ancient” cabbage plant was native to Mediterranean region. It was first grown as a leafy vegetable. The crop found its way to Europe and Asia while it is not exactly known how cabbage, and other vegetables, came to Asia, some literature references mention European vegetables being introduced in Asia. Cabbage is now distributed worldwide in both tropical and semitropical regions. The total cabbage cultivation area in the world per year is about 800,000 ha, including: 200,000 ha in member countries of CCCP, 180,000 ha in Eastern Europe-Middle East and Baltic, 100 000 ha in America and about 280,000 ha in Asia (including China).

Cabbage is a leafy garden plant used as a vegetable. It is a herbaceous, biennial,dicotyledonous flowering plant distinguished by a short stem upon which is crowded a mass of leaves, usually green but in some varieties red or purplish, forming a characteristic compact, globular cluster (cabbagehead). Among the diseases that affect cabbage are black rot, black leg, cabbage wilt and club root. Among the insects that infest cabbage are diamond back moth, aphids, webworm, cutworm. Cabbage looper and flea beetle. Whether various pest and disease species that attack cabbage plants will cause yield loss depends partly on the growth stage of the plant.

Humans consume cabbage fresh either boiled, fried, pickled or as salad. Cabbage is low in calorie and protein content. However, cabbage is a resource of minerals especially Kali, vitamin A and C. The nutrient content in 100g of fresh cabbage, includes: 92.4% water; 02% fat; 5,3% carbohydrates; 1.4% protein; 400 (IU) vitamin A; 27 (IU) vitamin B1; 100mg vitamin C; 0,73mg Ca; 0,38mg P; 2,71mg K.

Cabbage is a high value crop for export. In 1980-1989, Vietnam exported about 6,000 tons/year to China and Eastern Europe, e.g., Russia. Cabbage is also used as food for livestock.

More information about cabbage can be found in Cabbage Integrated Pest Management: An Ecological Guide.

For more information about the performance of cabbage cultivars in relation to agro-ecological conditions, cultivation practices, the occurrence of pests and diseases and timing of the production, search the FAO data base at: http://www.fao.org/hortivar

 
 
   
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